HIPERTENSI SEBAGAI FAKTOR RISIKO PENYAKIT GINJAL KRONIK DIABETES MELITUS STADIUM 5 (Studi Kasus di RSI Sultan Agung dan RSUD Kota Semarang)

Jaya Maulana, Ari Winarko

Abstract


Penyakit ginjal kronik diabetes (PGK-DM) merupakan penyebab utama End Stage Renal Disease (ERSD) dan merupakan penyebab kematian nomor empat setelah kaediovaskular, TBC, dan pneumona di Indonesia.Tujuan dari penelitian ini  adalah Mengetahui hubungan antara status hipertensi dengan kejadian PGK-DM di kota semarang. Rancangan penelitian adalah studi epidemiologi analitik dengan pendekatan case control pada penderita PGK-DM pada DM tipe -2 di RSI Sultan Agung dan RSUD kota Semarang. Variabel yang diteliti adalah karakteristik umum (usia, jenis kelamin, tingkat pendidikan) dan status hipertensi, riwayat penyakit keluarga. Dari 56 responden yang terdiri dari 28 kasus dan 28 kontrol , terdapat rata rata usia pada kelompok kasus adalah 50,3 tahun, sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol adalah 54,1 tahun.  Jenis kelamin laki-laki pada kelompok kasus sebesar 46,4% dan perempuan 53,6 %, sedangkan jenis kelamin laki-laki pada kelompok control 39,3% dan perempuan 60,7 %. Status hipertensi merupakan faktor risiko PGK-DM stadium 5 dengan OR 17,47, 95% CI = 2,06-147,77, P= 0,003.

Kata kunci : Hipertensi, Faktor risiko ,PGK-DM

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

Diabetic chronic kidney disease (CRF-DM) is a major cause of End Stage Renal Disease (ERSD) and is the fourth leading cause of death after kaediovaskular, tuberculosis, and pneumona in Indonesia.Knowing the relationship between hypertension status-DM with CHD events in Semarang. analytic epidemiologic study case control in patients with CKD-DM on DM type -2 in RSI Sultan Agung Hospital Semarang. The variables studied were common characteristics (age, gender, education level) and hypertension status, family history of disease.Of the 56 respondents consisting of 28 cases and 28 controls, there were an average age in the case group was 50.3 years, while the control group was 54.1 years. Gender male in the group of cases by 46.4% and 53.6% female, while the male gender in the control group 39.3% and 60.7% female. Status hypertension is a risk factor-DM CKD stage 5 with OR 17.47, 95% CI = 2.06 to 147.77, P = 0.003. Status hypertension is a risk factor for CHD-DM stage 5 with OR 17.47, 95% CI = 2.06 to 147.77, P = 0.003.

Keywords: hypertension, risk factors, CHD-DM


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